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Research Articles

N719 and N3 dyes for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cells - A comparative study using polyacrylonitrile and CsI based electrolytes

Authors:

T. M. W. J. Bandara ,

Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, SE
About T. M. W. J.
Department of Physics
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H. D. N. S. Fernando,

Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, SE
About H. D. N. S.
Department of Physics
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E. J. Rupasinghe,

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, LK
About E. J.
Department of Physical Sciences
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J. L. Ratnasekera,

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, LK
About J. L.
Department of Physical Sciences
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P. H. N. J. Chandrasena,

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, LK
About P. H. N. J.
Department of Physical Sciences
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M. Furlani,

University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, SE
About M.
Department of Physics
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I. Albinsson,

University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, SE
About I.
Department of Physics
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M. A. K. L. Dissanayake,

National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy, LK
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B. E. Mellander

Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, SE
About B. E.
Department of Physics
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Abstract

Dye sensitized solar cells offer a low cost alternative technology for solar energy harvesting. However, there are long term stability issues connected with these cells due to the liquid electrolytes normally used. Gel or solid polymer electrolytes which do not contain volatile solvents have been used in this investigation in order to alleviate these problems. Two types of solar cells were assembled using a double layered TiO2 film sensitized with two types of dye sensitizers, namely N719 (Ruthenizer 535-bisTBA) and N3 (Ruthenizer 535) in order to compare their performance. Quasi-solid-state electrolytes based on PAN (polyacrylonitrile) as the host polymer and CsI as the iodide salt were prepared by incorporating ethylene carbonate (EC) and propylene carbonate (PC) as plasticizers. The conductivity of the electrolyte was further improved by adding tetrapropylammonium iodide (Pr4NI), 1-methyl 3-propyl imidazolium iodide (MPII) and 4-tert-butylpyridine (4TBP). The incorporation of these additives resulted in 17% enhancement in ionic conductivity.  This improved electrolyte was used to fabricate the solar cells with N3 and N719 dyes. The efficiency of the N3 dye based solar cell was 3.85% whereas the efficiency of the N719 dye based solar cell was 4.14% representing a significant efficiency enhancement by 7.53% by the N719 dye. In addition, due to additives the solar cell efficiency has enhanced by 19% compared to the solar cell without any additive.
How to Cite: Bandara, T. M. W. J., Fernando, H. D. N. S., Rupasinghe, E. J., Ratnasekera, J. L., Chandrasena, P. H. N. J., Furlani, M., … Mellander, B. E. (2016). N719 and N3 dyes for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cells - A comparative study using polyacrylonitrile and CsI based electrolytes. Ceylon Journal of Science, 45(2), 61–69. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v45i2.7389
Published on 13 Sep 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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