Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Dietary, anticancer and medicinal properties of the phytochemicals in chili pepper (Capsicum...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Review Articles

Dietary, anticancer and medicinal properties of the phytochemicals in chili pepper (Capsicum spp.)

Authors:

M. D. M. Chamikara,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About M. D. M.

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science

Structural Biology and Biophysics Laboratory, Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Pauline Griffin Building, [11], Canberra ACT 0200, Australia 

X close

D. R. R. P. Dissanayake,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About D. R. R. P.
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science
X close

M. Ishan,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About M.

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science

Regenerative Bioscience Center, Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA-30602 United States

 

X close

S. D. S. S. Sooriyapathirana

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About S. D. S. S.
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science
X close

Abstract

Chili pepper (Capsicum spp.) is important as a spice, flavour enhancer, vegetable and component in herbal medicine. The numerous phytochemicals and their medicinally important properties present in diverse germplasm of chili pepper have been characterized and documented. Capsaicinoids, carotenoids, vitamins, flavonoids such as anthocyanins are present as the major phytochemicals in chili pepper fruits. Capsaicinoids, pungent analogues of capsinoids, are the most important group of phytochemicals in which capsaicin and dihydrocapsaic in are prominent in providing the basis for pungency and medicinal properties. The detailed studies conducted on the phytochemicals in chili pepper fruits using mouse models and human cell lines have reported an array of anticancer effects on leukemia, myeloma and various carcinomas associated with the digestive tract. In addition, chili pepper possesses anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anticholesteremic, anticlotting and antioxidant activities. Therefore, this review is compiled to provide a comprehensive assessment of the phytochemical profile and medicinal values of chili pepper.  Collectively, numerous studies performed to date demonstrated the potential medicinal significance of chili pepper for development of herbal medicine and to plan further studies to elucidate other hitherto unknown medicinal values.
How to Cite: Chamikara, M. D. M., Dissanayake, D. R. R. P., Ishan, M., & Sooriyapathirana, S. D. S. S. (2016). Dietary, anticancer and medicinal properties of the phytochemicals in chili pepper (Capsicum spp.). Ceylon Journal of Science, 45(3), 5–20. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v45i3.7396
Published on 30 Nov 2016.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus