Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Austroeupatorium inulifolium invasion alters soil seed bank in anthropogenic grassland: a ca...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Research Articles

Austroeupatorium inulifolium invasion alters soil seed bank in anthropogenic grassland: a case study from Sri Lanka

Authors:

I. P. K. Piyasinghe ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About I. P. K.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science

 

Postgraduate Institute of Science, Peradeniya

X close

J. Gunatilake,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About J.
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science
X close

H. M. S. P. Madawala

University of Peradeniya, LK
About H. M. S. P.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
X close

Abstract

Austroeupatorium inulifolium is aggressively invading many land use types in the Knuckles Conservation Area (KCA) in Sri Lanka. The Cymbopogon nardus dominated grasslands, often demarcated by native forests, are the most vulnerable.  The present study quantified the soil seed bank and the standing vegetation of these highly invaded grasslands. Forest-grassland edge (FGE) has been identified as the starting point for this invasion, and therefore sampling was carried out twice at different distances from the FGE towards the grassland (0, 10 and 30 m). The soil seed bank showed high seasonality with higher abundance and richness in the wet season than in the dry season. Interestingly, the dry season soil seed bank was dominated by native species (78%) while the wet season seed bank was dominated marginally by exotics (52%), with the highest contribution from Austroeupatorium. The scarcity of tree seedlings was noticed during the study. Austroeupatorium and tree seeds showed decreasing trends from the FGE towards the invasive grassland, and were evident in the seed bank as well as in the standing vegetation. Despite similar trends, the soil seed bank and the standing vegetation of invasive grasslands showed low similarity in terms of richness and abundance due to the dominance of a single species.  The results suggest that Austroeupatorium invasion has the potential to alter the existing vegetation in these highly degraded grasslands and influences their succession over time.
How to Cite: Piyasinghe, I. P. K., Gunatilake, J., & Madawala, H. M. S. P. (2017). Austroeupatorium inulifolium invasion alters soil seed bank in anthropogenic grassland: a case study from Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science, 46(2), 81–92. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v46i2.7432
Published on 14 Jun 2017.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus