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Research Articles

Seed dormancy in relation to predation and pathogenicity of four tropical Fabaceae species from Sri Lanka

Authors:

Mohomed Ghouse ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About Mohomed
Department of Zoology
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Gehan Jayasuriya

University of Peradeniya, LK
About Gehan
Department of Botany
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Abstract

According to the seed defense theory, predation and pathogenicity should be lower in physically dormant (PY) seeds than those of no-dormant (ND). Thus, a study was conducted to determine the predation and pathogenicity of four tropical Fabaceae species to test the above hypothesis. Imbibition and germination of manually scarified (MS) and untreated (UT) seeds were tested using locally collected seeds. Pathogenicity and predatory rates of MS and UT seeds of each species was observed by keeping them separately in a woodland and a grassland for four weeks. Nutrient content and production of volatile compounds in seeds were determined. Germination and imbibition experiments confirmed the physical dormancy of two Senna spp., non-dormancy of Bauhinia variegata and physiological dormancy in Pterocarpus indicus seeds. Predation and pathogenicity were higher in the woodland than in the grassland. Lowest seed predation and pathogenicity were recorded in P. indicus and the highest in B. variegata. Pathogenicity and predation of MS seeds of Senna spp. were higher than that of UT seeds. No correlation was revealed between nutrient content and pathogenicity or predation. MS seeds released more volatile compounds than intact seeds as they were in imbibed state. Pathogenicity and predation depended on seed dormancy classes.
How to Cite: Ghouse, M., & Jayasuriya, G. (2018). Seed dormancy in relation to predation and pathogenicity of four tropical Fabaceae species from Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science, 47(4), 395–403. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v47i4.7558
Published on 05 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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