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Zn/Natural graphite rechargeable cell with an ionic liquid based gel polymer electrolyte

Authors:

K. W. Prasadini,

Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Kuliyapitiya, LK
About K. W.
Polymer Electronics Research Group, Department of Electronics, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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K. S. Perera ,

Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Kuliyapitiya, LK
About K. S.
Polymer Electronics Research Group, Department of Electronics, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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K. P. Vidanapathirana

Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Kuliyapitiya, LK
About K. P.
Polymer Electronics Research Group, Department of Electronics, Faculty of Applied Sciences
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Abstract

There is an urgent need to fulfill the hunger for energy in an efficient and a safer way. In this context, non-Lithium based energy storage devices have received a noticeable interest. A prime attention has been given on electrolytes as many of the devices are composed with liquid electrolytes which have been later identified as having various problems. Gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) are considered as viable substituents for liquid electrolytes because they exhibit liquid like conductivities while retaining good mechanical stabilities. To further improve the safety aspects of GPEs, nowadays many studies have been performed with ionic liquids (ILs) in place of solvents on GPEs. The present study was carried out to fabricate a Zn rechargeable cell with natural graphite (NG) cathode and an IL based GPE. The IL, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate (1E3MITF) with the polymer poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and the salt zinc trifluoromethanesulfonate (Zn(CF3SO3)2 – ZnTF) were used in preparing the GPE. The electrochemical properties of the GPE were evaluated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and DC polarization test. The maximum room temperature conductivity of the electrolyte was 3.06 × 10-4 S cm-1. Conductivity of the electrolyte was highly contributed by ions. The cell of the configuration, Zn / GPE / NG was characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV) test. Initial specific charge was about 2.25 mA h g-1 and during 50 cycles, it had reduced down to 2.15 mA h g-1. Moreover, satisfactory stability was observed during CV test. Further studies are in progress to improve the cell performance.
How to Cite: Prasadini, K. W., Perera, K. S., & Vidanapathirana, K. P. (2020). Zn/Natural graphite rechargeable cell with an ionic liquid based gel polymer electrolyte. Ceylon Journal of Science, 49(1), 125–129. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v49i1.7710
Published on 25 Mar 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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