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Molecular characterization of Colletotrichum species causing Begonia anthracnose in Sri Lanka

Authors:

P. Wickramasinghe,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya 20400, LK
About P.
Department of Botany
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N. Adikaram,

National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, LK
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D. Yakandawala

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya 20400, LK
About D.
Department of Botany
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Abstract

Anthracnose disease is known to affect many tropical and subtropical fruits, vegetables and also certain cut-flowers and foliage plants. The disease was known to be caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides or C. acutatum which are presently accepted as species complexes. The present study was conducted with the main objective of identifying Colletotrichum species causing begonia anthracnose using morphological and molecular data. Begonia is an ornamental foliage plant grown worldwide. Anthracnose symptoms appear in begonia leaves as brownish, irregular, necrotic lesions. Colletotrichum was isolated from three Begonia species showing anthracnose symptoms, collected from three Provinces of Sri Lanka. Thirty isolates were obtained in the study of which 29 formed oblong conidia and the remainder produced falcate conidia. Six randomly selected isolates forming oblong conidia and the isolate with falcate conidia were sequenced for Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) and β-tubulin 2 (TUB2) regions. Considering >98% similarity with NCBI GenBank database for both sequences, the isolates with oblong conidia were identified as C. siamense and the isolate with falcate conidia as C. truncatum. Newly generated sequences were subjected to phylogenetic analysis with the closely related ex-type and authenticated isolates sequences. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed the species as C. siamense and C. truncatum. Koch’s postulates were performed to establish whether the fungi isolated from anthracnose lesions were actually causing anthracnose disease in Begonia leaves. This is the first report of C. siamense causing Begonia anthracnose.
How to Cite: Wickramasinghe, P., Adikaram, N., & Yakandawala, D. (2020). Molecular characterization of Colletotrichum species causing Begonia anthracnose in Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science, 49(5), 363–371. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v49i5.7803
Published on 16 Nov 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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